is the difference between an interior designer,
interior decorator, and an architect?
Interior Designers and Interior Decorators have
decorating skills and are concerned with enhancing the aesthetics
and ambiance of an interior. The function of an interior decorator
is to make spaces attractive. The interior designer is qualified
by education, experience and examination to enhance the function
and quality of interior spaces. According to The American
Society of Interior Designers (ASID) the professional interior
designer functions for the purpose of improving the quality
of life, increasing productivity, and protecting the health,
safety, and welfare of the public.
are trained and licensed to design structural and building
systems. Increasingly, however, the structures they design
and build are delivered to the client not as completed living
or working environments, but as "shells" which require interior
design solutions. For example, most shopping malls, restaurants,
office buildings, hotels, condominiums and apartment complexes
are left unfinished on the interior. The owner, tenant or
lessee has the responsibility for furnishing and decorating
the interior space. That is where the interior designer's
expertise comes into play. He or she conceptualizes and plans
the interior design solution in concert with the architect
or engineer's structural design. Since the suitability of
an interior for its intended purposes can be helped or hindered
by its structure, the various parties often work closely together.
The interior designer's job is to make the built environment
safe and functionally efficient, as well as conducive to those
who will visit or use it.
professional interior designer is responsible to analyze the
client's needs, goals, and life and safety requirements and
integrate those findings with their knowledge of interior
design. Formulating preliminary design concepts that are appropriate,
functional, and aesthetic are just one aspect of their work.
They also develop final design recommendations and presentations.
They prepare drawings and specifications for non load-bearing
interior construction, materials, finishes, space planning,
furnishings, fixtures and equipment. The Professional Interior
Designer collaborates with licensed practitioners, who offer
professional services in the technical areas of mechanical,
electrical and load bearing design that are required for regulatory
approval. The designer prepares and administers bids and contract
documents as the client's agent and reviews and evaluates
design solutions during implementation and upon completion.
designers have technical responsibilities, including an understanding
of flame-spread ratings, smoke, toxicity and fire rating classifications
and materials, space planning for public and private facilities,
National, state and local building codes, standards regarding
the needs of disabled or elderly persons and other individuals
with special needs, ergonomics and human factors, lighting
quality and quantity and acoustics and sound transmission.
Interior designers are registered by title or licensed to
practice in 20 states and the District of Columbia. In the
United States, where interior designers are registered by
title in some states, no one may use the title "interior designer"
or "registered interior designer" unless they have met the
requirements for education, experience and examination as
set forth in the statutes.